And the good news is that I'll bet everybody watching this has some idea of how to do philosophy already. [AUDIO] Political Utopias: Just Wishful Thinking? Technical correctness is an attractive criterion because it’s pretty black-and-white. In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common dichotomy.In cultures with Manichaean and Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good, in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated. So, what other guidelines can we turn to? Instead, it “fell dead-born from the press, without reaching such distinction as even to excite a murmur among the zealots,” as Hume put it in an autobiographical sketch. The-Philosophy helps high-school & university students but also curious people on human sciencesÂ to quench their thirst for knowledge. 2. Welcome to Philosophy Talk's Community of Thinkers, Why Science Will Never Replace the Humanities, Do Natural Laws Prove That God Exists? Epistemology studies questions about knowledge and rational belief. Pursuing a bachelor's degree in philosophy is a good way to structure these studies, but many great philosophers were also self-taught. 4. Then, reflecting further, it struck me that I’ve never given much thought to the question of what good philosophy is—and that maybe my dispute with Josh grew out of our having different background ideas about how to answer this question. Suscribe to the Phiosophy Talk Download Service!! 5. It is âbeyond being and knowledge,â yet it is the foundation of both. is a question as old as philosophy itself. Philosophy for the Young: Corrupting or Empowering? 3. Subscribe to receive new ideas, inspiration, news, and event information each month! Life without experience and sufferings is not life. 1. Alfred North Whitehead’s famous remark that the European philosophical tradition consists of a series of footnotes to Plato epitomizes this idea. They are inseparably joined, head-to-foot: diluted hostility remains hostility nonetheless, and is, in the end, a regressive drain on the higher-order consciousness of which human beings are capable. One is that it’s possible (and I dare say quite common) for a philosopher to argue impeccably and yet produce philosophical work that’s utterly vapid, not to mention the fact that overly conscientious efforts to plug every argumentative hole by anticipating every possible objection can bury an interesting thesis under a mudslide of qualifications. A philosophical work is productive to the extent that it spawns more philosophical work in an ongoing research tradition. [VIDEO] Contrastivism—A Revolution in Philosophy? (Part of the answer is that you can have false beliefs, but you can only know things that are true. ? If so, do we have free will? The Post-Modern Family Values: Open Blog Entry. Determining whether an argument is valid is, at least in principle, a purely objective matter. Originality is often tied to. Literally, it means âlove of wisdom.â But, really, philosophy begins in wonder. Thus taught most of the major figures of ancient philosophy, including Plato, Aristotle, and the Tao Te Ching.And it ends in wonder too, when philosophical taught has done its best â as A.N. [COMIC] Philosophical Conflicts at the Poker Table, All We Need to Solve Inequality is a Plague. Too bad policies are so inflexible. I’ve never heard anyone gush that a work of philosophy changed their life because all of its arguments are deductively valid. One is that good philosophy is often transformative. The following readersâ answers to this central philosophical question each win a random book. One is that it’s possible (and I dare say quite common) for a philosopher to argue impeccably and yet produce philosophical work that’s utterly vapid, not to mention the fact that overly conscientious efforts to plug every argumentative hole by anticipating every possible objection can bury an interesting thesis under a mudslide of qualifications. Transgression is no more than a watered-down term for aggression; a linguistic distinction with a softened prefix, in a guise of civility via diplomacy. Before being a field of study, it is above all a way of seeing the world, of questioning it. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing these questions (such as mysticism or mythology) by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on reasoned argument. The basic idea of Epicureanism can be encapsulated by the Tetrapharmakon: Don't fear god, don't fear death, what is good is easy to get and pain is easy to endure. Forgiveness - the discussion continued.... Freedom, Responsibility and Martian Anthropology, Reverence for the Given? ’s Joshua Landy about whether Sigmund Freud was a good philosopher. Evolutionary Psychology: A Defense -- Sort of! Philosophy degrees are all about asking big questions - the value of life, the basis of morality, the nature of the world around us. (1)Posed by ancient Greek thinkers and incorporated into the thought of Socrates through Plato, and then Aristotle, this question gets at the heart of â¦ Maybe 20 Minutes, The Mind-Body Problem, Part 1: Substance Dualism, The Philosophical Dimensions of Reparations, [AUDIO] Why is Free Speech Important? © 2020 by Philosophy Talk and PhilosophyTalk.org. Does Postmodernism Mean Moral Relativism? Where is the line between art and not art? What harsh truths do you prefer to ignore? Philosophy is truth, and truth is neither good or bad, it just is. Where does your self-worth come from? Freedom, rights and technology (Why Free Software is Important), The Politics of Illusion: From Socrates and Psychoanalysis to Donald Trump, Why Rubio Is Wrong about Philosophy in 150 Words, Collective Immortality: Living on Through Others, In Praise of Love - Plato's Symposium meets Bernstein's Serenade, Social media, knowledge of others, and self-knoweldge, Ashley Madison, accommodation, and silencing. Philosophy Overdose. On this view, to describe a person as âhappyâ means that they âfeel good,â and a happy life is one that contains many âfeel goodâ experiences. Philosophy (from Greek: ÏÎ¹Î»Î¿ÏÎ¿ÏÎ¯Î±, philosophia, 'love of wisdom') is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. But thatâs not the â¦ Another problem is that even the “great” philosophical works—the ones that are included in the canon—are far being entirely lucid fallacy-free, even though their devoted interpreters may have a penchant for papering over cracks in their arguments. If Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex had been written in 14th century Paris, it would have had a rather different reception than it did in 1949. Is Postmodernism to Blame for Post-Truth? If a philosophical work is sloppy—for instance, because it relies on fallacious reasoning, out-and-out contradictions, or ignores counterexamples—this certainly might count against its being good philosophy. * We have published more than 500 articles, all seeking directly or indirectly to answer this question. Philosophy leads to ONE AND ONLY ONE job. If a YouTube philosophy channel is popular but not listed here, chances are it's bad. Good is a moral concept nowadays. Please consider making a tax-deductible donation. Philosophy Talk is produced by KALW on behalf of Stanford University. Dr. Greg Sadler. The common good must distinguish between what is good for individual people, and what is good for people as members of a group. [VIDEO] Is it OK to Kill Animals for Food? – In ethics, the good is that which conforms to the moral ideal. Good and evil is a belief system much like a religion, in which the individual is taught habitual acts in social situations where opinions are favored over objective facts. At first, I thought that one of us must be wrong, and started to worry that it was me. I left the conversation feeling perplexed. So good â¦ Many philosophers (people who study philosophy) have thought about what it means for something to be good. Works included in the philosophical canon are by definition highly productive—giving rise to whole philosophical traditions and counter-traditions, and vast, labyrinthine literatures. Philosophy uses the tools of logic and reason to analyze the ways in which humans experience the world. It is a fundamental normative concept. practitioners. You will also learn how to write a good philosophy paper by comparing several philosophers whose work aligns to your task. From Plato and Sextus Empiricus to Wittgenstein, many important thinkers have thought of philosophy as a type of therapy. A new multi-level hierarchy of ethics and morality. Does fate exist? Research is â¦ Specific definitions of philosophers: My previous comment, above (February 9, 2020)might serve as an introduction, of sorts, to the following: ...It is seductive to posit that if there were a continuum on which opinion,belief and knowledge might rest, belief would naturally fall somewhere between the others. Pragmatism speaks to some, while leaving others cold.. or 'What Are the Moral Limits of Markets? (Ask a Comedian). The site thus covers the main philosophical traditions, from the Presocratic to the contemporary philosophers, while trying to bring a philosophical reading to the cultural field in general, such as cinema, literature, politics or music. Socrates is one of the most excellent and offbeat â¦ Believe in yourself. How to Live a Good Life? The Place of Scepticism and Sceptical Arguments, Philosophy Talk and the Paradoxical Facebook Contest, Separation of Powers and the Charismatic Presidency, Political Correctness and the Speech Fashion War. I cited privacy concerns, which they chose to ignore. //-->. What is the single truth that solves them all, I think it is good to know. But logic and precision aren’t everything, and there are several problems with leaning too heavily on this criterion. David Hume was a superb essayist, a brilliant philosopher, and a world-class bon vivant. Good philosophy, though, is, arguably, that which gets published, or at least that which affords a livelihood for its'. Apparently, the notion of privacy is archaic. Teaching Philosophy: The Answer to Automation? Then, philosophy related to the activity of argue rationally about astonishment. ', What’s to be done?. Philosophy Talk and the Ignorant NEH Panelist: A Rant! One is that good philosophy is often transformative. Originality is often tied to productivity. There’s a diverse tangle of considerations involved which can flow together or come apart, and no clear metric for weighing them against one another. Philosophers pick and choose amongst these theories, and there is an additional debate about whether morality is objective. Follow him at @jdmagness [AUDIO] Do the Privileged Have Special Obligations? If God Is Dead, Why Isn't Everything Permitted? Ken and John and Übermensch-at-large Brian Leiter discuss everyone's favorite syphilitic philosopher. âTwo things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe.â â â¦ Random Thoughts on Religion and the State. What is true? How could we have such wildly different assessments of the same guy? "What is the good life?" Knowing What We Know—And What We Don't Know, Feel like Democracy is Crumbling? It teaches critical thinking, close reading, clear writing, and logical analysis; it uses these to understand the language we use to describe the world, and our place within it. In fact, it is the question that birthed philosophy as we know it. I think, based on some things I have been reading lately, that this is the wrong question. I left the conversation feeling perplexed. Complaining that Nietzsche’s. google_ad_client = "pub-2379188881946579"; Can Studying Philosophy Make You a Better Person? The-Philosophy.com - 2008-2019, https://www.the-philosophy.com/good-philosophical-definition. google_ad_slot = "6885402617"; Balance your copious reading with self-investigative writing: where reading broadens your perspective of the world, your writing will give you depth of â¦ 135 Free Philosophy eBooks. Scientists and philosophers, who eschew religious rationales for ... Nietzsche. I may even revisit Habermas, because apparently my first exposure to his notions was too early in the game. It helps us to see the world in new ways, revealing aspects that were previously invisible. Surreptitiousness is an evil of a particularly egregious sort. google_ad_width = 728; The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual is the primary reference catalog for mental health illnesses. So of all the philosophy that we currently know, that has been written, is any of it true? Etymologically, philosophy means love of wisdom. Philosophy Paper â Structuring and Making Rough Draft. , which is one of Western philosophy’s biggest hits, didn’t immediately fly off the bookstore shelves. Some fairly worship Davidson, Dewey, Nagel and others of the ilk; while some think Kant, Hegel, Heidegger, Nietzsche, et al, had the most to say about human conditions (The Human Condition is a tired platitude which ought to be re-tired or buried, even though I still use it, in the context of that caveat.) Beauty: Skin-Deep, in the Eye of the Beholder and Valuable? You are the designer and creator of your own Universe. I probably will not read Plato; Socrates; Aristotle; and others of their time. 6. In religion, God. I dedicate myself to ensuring my clients are successful.â Richart Ruddie, Owner, Profile Defenders. #FrancisOnFilm: Is Wonder Woman a Feminist Movie? Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? Some of the greatest thinkers in world history have lived within the field of philosophy. The question should be (and I have this on good authority): What good is philosophy? Michel Foucault has his loyal admirers. Feline Philosophy: Cats and the Meaning of Life John Gray. Such questions are often posed as problems to be studied or resolved. So, good philosophy MAY be strictly in the eyes and ears of the beholder and what that beholder wants to believe, based on preferences and/or that cognitive bias, briefly discussed in an earlier post. Not too long ago, I had a Twitter exchange with Philosophy Talk’s Joshua Landy about whether Sigmund Freud was a good philosopher. ...People confuse knowledge with opinion. Independent from any institution or philosophical thought, the site is maintained by a team of former students in human sciences, now professors or journalists. [LIVE VIDEO] Philosophy Conference on Trump. What does it mean to live a good life? Philosophers who ring resoundingly for me, may ring resoundingly hollow for someone else, and the other way round. You know, the absolute. His philosophical views in ethics, e... Simone de Beauvoir is often cast as only a novelist or a mere echo of Jean-Paul Sartre. #FrancisOnFilm: The Highs and Lows of 2016, The Examined Year 2016: Triumph and Defeat, Sleeping, Dreaming, and the Well-Lived Life. Identities Lost and Found in a Global Age, The Philosophy of Humor (And the Humor of Philosophy), Theological Correctness Part II: An Answer, Remixing Reality: Art and Literature for the 21st Century, Theological Correctness Part I: The Question. How Can Smart People Still Believe in God? Believe in God. Any contribution, large or small, helps us produce intelligent, reflective radio that questions everything, including our most deeply-held beliefs about science, morality, culture, and the human condition. At first, I thought that one of us must be wrong, and started to worry that it was me. How is the Internet Changing Friendships? 3. Besides, your strength is limited. 9. Should Sex-Identity Be on Birth Certificates? 1. Cite this article as: Tim, "The Good: Philosophical Definition, May 26, 2012, " in. Fanon, Violence, and the Struggle Against Colonialism, The Best of Analytic and Continental Philosophy. The Best Philosophy Books. Economic and philosophical goods One needs to switch a couple of words around, in order to get at the right one. A philosophical work is productive to the extent that it spawns more philosophical work in an ongoing research tradition. âBeingâ in this context does not mean existence, but something specificâa human, a lion, or a houseâbeing recognizable by its quality or shape. â Bertrand Russell. Works included in the philosophical canon are by definition highly productive—giving rise to whole philosophical traditions and counter-traditions, and vast, labyrinthine literatures. The placebo effect of language and its propensity to re-invent itself bestow an aura of acceptability and comfort on an uncertain world, while a veil of deceit blankets the broad horizon. And that's because we all in our day to day lives try to work out the best way of thinking about something at some point. How could we have such wildly different assessments of the same guy? had been written in 14th century Paris, it would have had a rather different reception than it did in 1949. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 â 495 BCE). Copies of David Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature, which is one of Western philosophy’s biggest hits, didn’t immediately fly off the bookstore shelves. $0.00 Free with Audible trial #15. That's being a philosophy professor That’s true even if the originator doesn’t pursue an answer to the question very well (or even if they never try to answer it—think of Socrates). I’ve never heard anyone gush that a work of philosophy changed their life because all of its arguments are deductively valid. What's on your summer reading list for 2014? Not long after the advent of World War II, C. S. Lewis delivered a message wherein he said, âGood philosophy must exist, if for no other reason, because bad philosophy needs to be answered.â 1 But was C. S. Lewis, the popular writer of works such as Mere Christianity and the Narnia series, a philosopher? Since 2008, The-Philosophy.com acts for the diffusion of the philosophical thoughts. What IS good philosophy? The founding principle of philosophy is perhaps the astonishment, source of the questions. Is Online Social Networking Changing the Way People Relate to Each Other? What about originality? Know first of all that there is no single answer to this question. Iâve never heard anyone gush that a work of philosophy changed their life because all of its arguments are deductively valid. Rather, they say that it made a difference to them by shining a light in the darkness, making familiar things seem unfamiliar, or helping them attend to what’s truly important in life. Why Self-Deception Research Hasn’t Made Much Progress, The Irrationality of Human Decision Making, Philosophy Talk's Fifth Annual Philosophical Summer Reading List, Move Over Letterman: A Philosophical Top 10 LIst for the 21st Century, The Philosophical Legacy of Charles Darwin. Millennials and Social Media, a Deadly Mix? They seemed genuinely interested in publishing it---until I told them I did not wish to have my picture in the paper. In democracy, the truth that we hold self-evident. is short on clear, explicit, logical argumentation simply misses the point. 4.6 out of 5 stars 3,310. Playful Intentions and the Problem of the Hypno-Flirt, Check us out Wednesday and Thursday in Portland. you can be an artist in lots of different ways. So, what other guidelines can we turn to? It helps us to see the world in new ways, revealing aspects that were previously invisible. If so, what is it? The pursuit of truth is often thought to be "intrinsically" valuable. I took the position that Freud was a good philosopher (in fact, an excellent one) while Joshua expressed the opposite view. Copies of David Hume’s. There are though many philosophical ideas that have been proven untrue through the tests of time, Plato's forms for example. Nominations open for the Third Annual Dionysus Awards! But logic and precision aren’t everything, and there are several problems with leaning too heavily on this criterion. The Fulfilled Life If Socrates emphasizes virtue and Epicurus emphasizes pleasure, another great Greek thinker, Aristotle , views the good life in a more comprehensive way. In justice, beyond the grayness of fair. Objects (things), people, ideas, and actions can be good. Jordan Peterson and PragerU are very bad. Diseases of the Mind: Philosophy of Psychiatry, #FrancisOnFilm: Portrait of a Lady on Fire, Subway Spreading and Personal Space (Part II), Subway Spreading and Personal Space (Part I), Puzzle About Conspiracy Theorists (Part II), A Puzzle About Conspiracy Theorists (Part I), The Twilight Zone and the Human Condition, The “Complicated” Causes of Gun Death (Part II), The “Complicated” Causes of Gun Death (Part I). Another problem is that even the “great” philosophical works—the ones that are included in the canon—are far being entirely lucid fallacy-free, even though their devoted interpreters may have a penchant for papering over cracks in their arguments. Alfred North Whitehead’s famous remark that the European philosophical tradition consists of a series of footnotes to Plato epitomizes this idea. 2. What should be the goal of humanity? Men like Hume and Rousseau grabbed their attention. All Rights Reserved. Philosophy Majors: Unexpectedly Employable. [AUDIO] What Role Should Anger Play in Our Lives? But, I do not know how that could be right. So is 8-Bit Philosophy. Fascinating topic, that. If you could invent the time machine and change something in your life, what would you like to â¦ But science cannot yet tell us how consciousness, rationality,&nb... People like to argue, especially Philosophy Talk listeners! 10. In most quarters. In physics, certainty. The columns of the site are open to external contributions. Whether a seed produces a plant depends in large measure on the soil upon which it falls. Should White Artists Paint the Body of Emmett Till? Learn Right From Wrong with Oxfordâs Free Course A Romp Through Ethics for Complete Beginners. How will humans as a species go extinct? Put it, if you wish, under the heading, philosophy of language. That’s why such judgments often take pride of place as a sieve through which journal submissions are passed when editors have to make a call about whether to accept or reject an article for publication. Whereas opinion and knowledge reside, roughly, on the same 40 acres, belief lives on a totally different farm... What is GOOD philosophy? General Definitions of the Good: â In economics, the Good means the property, capital â In ethics, the good is that which conforms to the moral ideal. I really don't know, but I have learned a lot in the last twenty years. Deciding what’s good philosophy is a messy, often subjective, and historically contingent business. Some kinds of writing are more likely to have greater impact on some people than other kinds have, even if they all express exactly the same ideas. Most of all, perhaps, we need intimate knowledge of the past.