2 For the present I do not suppose that you need any encouragement from me to defend us while we are away, and the Republic too, as far as in you lies. B.C. 2 On the 7th of February C. Cassius the tribune came to Capua, and brought an order to the consuls to come to Rome, carry off the money from the reserve treasury and leave at once. But supposing your relatives have any burdens to bear, if they are only such as you can shoulder, hurry home; it will be the most splendid and glorious thing you can do. I have read your letter, in which I recognise afresh your wonderful affection for me. Letters to Atticus Author: 2 There is nothing certain so far about Spain, indeed no news at all. Your absence troubles me for my own sake, but I am very glad of it for yours. But if you resent our having ventured so far, permit us at least to regret that so small a favour is being refused by you to a Brutus and a Cassius. 3 There is no news about Spain, but it is very eagerly awaited. For if you are angry and annoyed, I shall have more to say, and shall insist upon your being reinstated in that school of philosophy, out of which you have been ousted "by violence and an armed force." A translation of Cicero's letters to and from Cassius. But there goes your importunate letter-carrier. . Dictator In 43 B.C. For perhaps are you are incapable of understanding the dilemma that faces you. 52 Evelyn S. Shuckburgh. The following excerpt from a letter sent by a Roman commander with a similar name - C.Cassius Parmensis - shows that as he expected, Cassius was soon fighting against Dolabella. However, being a semi-invalid, he could not enter public life and studied extensively to compensate. 2 And yet, if I am not mistaken, the present position is such that the ultimate issue of the whole war depends apparently upon D.Brutus; if once he succeeds, as we hope he will, in breaking out of Mutina, it looks as if there would be nothing left of the war. 4 Our opinions are these: we are anxious that you should hold a high and honourable position in any constitution that is free, and we challenge you to no kind of hostility; but, for all that, we attach less value to your friendship than to our own liberty. Although these letters are full of interest, as primary evidence for the character and motives of C.Cassius, the leader of the conspiracy against Julius Caesar, they can be hard to find, because they have been preserved in various different places in the large collection of Cicero's letters.. Just as though Asia were under a blockade, nothing reaches us except rumours about the crushing of Dolabella, which are certainly quite consistent, but lack authority. Antonius received a great boost to his forces at the end of May, when he was joined by M.Lepidus, the governor of Narbonese Gaul. Click anywhere in the The 435 letters collected here represent Cicero's correspondence with friends and acquaintances over a period of 20 years, from 62 BCE, when Cicero's political career was at its peak, to 43 BCE, the year he was put to death by the victorious Triumvirs. . In October, Cicero wrote the "Second Philippic". Our old regiment of loyalists is warm in its zeal and attachment to me. [12.6] Cicero to Cassius And all these measures were owing to you. 49 What a bitter thought! 7s. The daily news about Dolabella is all we could desire; but it is still without a definite source, unconfirmed, and voiced only by rumour. book 1 letter 1 letter 2 letter 3 letter 4 letter 5 letter 6 letter 7 letter 8 letter 9 letter 10 letter 12 letter 13 letter 14 letter 15 letter 16 letter 17 letter 18 letter 19 letter 20 It has been brought home to the people of Rome that there are three ex-consuls, who, because they have been patriotic towards the Republic, and have spoken freely, cannot enter the Senate with safety. Is there any one then, except you yourself and these men who wished him to become a king, who was unwilling that that deed should be done, or who disapproved of it after it was done? As for you, I would have you know that you are a great man here, not only in men's present estimation, but also in their anticipations of your future. L230N - Cicero -- Letters to His Friends III: Books 13-16. 3 To cut the matter short, I got nothing that satisfied me out of that journey except the satisfaction to my conscience. "What will you do then?" But I cannot even think what I myself ought to do. The letters of Cicero are of a varied character. [Rome, late in March or early in April, 43 B.C.]. When I said that they should have called the Senate, they should have roused the people to action with greater vigour, and they should have taken over the whole conduct of affairs, your friend Servilia exclaimed: "Well, I never heard the like!" Aemilius Lepidus. Cassius' political and military career began in 53 B.C., when he served as quaestor under M.Crassus, who was leading an army against the Parthians. All men, therefore, are guilty as far as this goes. 65 Again our friend Hirtius is at Claterna, and Caesar at Forum Cornelium, each of them with an army that can be trusted, while, at Rome, Pansa has collected strong forces by means of an Italian levy. C. Iulius Caesar III. Shackleton Bailey. To His Brother Quintus. If Caesar has conquered, expect me to return quickly. . And yet why am I excusing myself to you, when your men come to me empty-handed, and return to you with letters ? 5 I must ask you both to reply to my letter as soon as possible - because I have no doubt that Hirtius will inform me about these matters before the fourth hour - and let me know in your reply at what place we can meet, where you would like me to come. Our friend Pansa set out in military uniform on December the 30th, so that even the man in the street might grasp the fact which you had lately begun to question - that "the good must be chosen for its own sake." To Brutus. Were we to entertain any doubt or apprehension as regards yourself, we should be untrue to ourselves. His having made his way to you himself is recommendation enough. Iulius Caesar III., M. Aemilius Lepidus. options are on the right side and top of the page. What business remains will be transacted with you by L.Carteius, an intimate friend of mine. . But on the contrary, I have been kept utterly apart from him. Dated June 13th. M. Antonius. People think that Caesar will be annoyed because he is afraid of a slump in his sales. Cicero was declared a "virtuous pagan" by the early Church, and therefore many of his works were deemed worthy of preservation. Mag. And even if they grant our request, it will not, I fancy, prevent us being declared public enemies or banned as outlaws in the near future. For what is the difference between a man who has advised an action, and one who has approved of it? I went on to explain what ought to have been done, saying nothing new, but what everybody is saying daily, and not touching on the point as to whether anyone else ought to have been attacked. [12.10] Cicero to Cassius George Bell and Sons. But why do I say "you are so condemned"? . Consequently on the 2nd of October, Antonius was brought forward at a public meeting by Cannutius, and though it is true he left the platform in sore disgrace, yet he referred to the saviours of the country in terms that should have been applied to traitors. He has neither spirit nor plan, nor forces, nor energy. 2 But as to the matter that I discussed at considerable length in the Senate, and as to what I said at the public meeting, I should be glad if you would redeem the pledge I gave. On quitting the city they are to return - but they have no escort; then there is the getting out of the city - who is going to give them leave ? Vol. line to jump to another position: B.C. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. As to myself indeed he had no hesitation in declaring that all you had done and Cannutius was doing was the result of my advice. . Visit our new site Topics: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Pompey Pages: 2 (623 words) Published: November 19, 2012. The Academic Questions, Treatise De Finibus, and Tusculan Disputations, of M.T. [Brundisium, latter half of January, 45 B.C.]. you will say. 2 We imagined that the war was finished, but all of a sudden we have been thrown into an agony of anxiety by your friend Lepidus. You, with your usual philosophy, will bear this with resignation. You will therefore forgive me; this is now the second short note you will have, but you may live in hopes of full amends. On the contrary, their names immediately became familiar to everybody! B.C. Q. Fabius Maximus, mort., C. 67 L I expect you must be just a little ashamed of yourself now that this is the third letter that has caught you before you have sent me a single leaf or even a line. Our friend Cassius with ten legions, twenty auxiliary cohorts, and a cavalry force of 4000, has pitched camp twenty miles away at Paltus, and anticipates a bloodless victory, seeing that with Dolabella the price of wheat is already three tetradrachms [for a medimnus]. [Rome, March 7th, 43 B.C.]. Coss., Cn. Letters to Atticus; with an English translation. For what can be done against force without force? 2 I hold all the troops that were in Syria. . 2 But, even supposing that the eye can be struck by these spectres because they run up against it quite of their own accord, how the mind can be so struck is more than I can see. They range from the most informal communications with members of his family to serious and elaborate compositions which are practically treatises in epistolary form. Attend too, as far as you possibly can, to the claims of the commanders, Murcus and Crispus. Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (English) [genre: prose] [Cic. And had not his men broken his orders and sent me a deputation, he would have kept the gates of Apameia shut until I had stormed it. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Ap. 62 What everybody is saying however, I suppose because they wish it, is that you are in Syria, and in command of forces. But you are perfectly well aware that we are not to be driven either this way or that, and it is quite likely that the motive of your menacing behaviour is to give our prudence the appearance of panic. [12.5] Cicero to Cassius 4 Be absolutely assured, therefore, that all depends upon you and your friend Brutus, that you are both expected - Brutus indeed at any moment. In any case the forces investing him must by this time be inconsiderable, because the garrison with which Antonius holds Bononia is a strong one. [Formiae, February 11th, 49 B.C.]. Brutus was very glad to see me. Cn. 5 Since writing this letter I have been told that Dolabella and his forces have arrived in Cilicia. Woe is me! Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, Q. Caecilius Metellus Some sunfading to outer wrap on spine and top front edge, otherwise very good condition. And even so they would cause me less inconvenience if they would only allow me some reasonable time for writing; but they come ready dressed for travelling, and tell me that their mates are waiting for them at the gate. But I am not pressing you, for I shall look forward to, or rather insist upon, a longer letter. [Rome, early February, 43 B.C.]. L Believe me, Cassius, I never come to an end of thinking about you and our friend Brutus, in other words, about the whole Republic, every hope of which lies in you two, and in D.Brutus. Aemilius Lepidus, L. Volcacius Tullus. On our part, Sir, by no single injurious act have we provoked you, and we never believed that it would cause you surprise if we praetors, or indeed any men holding our position, should have appealed in a public manifesto for some concession from the consul. . Did I persuade Caius Trebonius? 2 Now the whole trend of these men's policy is to avenge the death of Caesar. Our friend M.Brutus indeed has won extraordinary distinction; his achievements have been so substantial and so unexpected that, welcome as they are in themselves, their brilliance has been enhanced by their rapidity. For the allegation that such an order was issued to veterans because it was your intention to bring forward the question of their interests in the month of June is as frivolous as it is futile. I am afraid, O Senators, lest I should appear to you to have brought up a sham accuser against myself (which is a most disgraceful thing to do); a man not only to distinguish me by the praises which are my due, but to load me also with those which do not belong to me. 62. Write back as you love me, and tell me what is doing. M. Aemilius Lepidus II. I asked ; and he said he would go to Achaea. When I was in the midst of my speech, in came Cassius. Cicero's Letters to Atticus - Cicero's Letters to Atticus. Now it is just your leavings that are worrying me, me indeed more than anybody else; it is true that we have admirable consuls, but the consulars are beneath contempt; we have a courageous Senate too, but it is those of the lowest rank who are most so. And yet, though my wishes are stronger than my hopes, even now there is a residue of hope to be found in your valour. M. TVLLIVS CICERO (106 – 43 B.C.) . I spend my life, moreover, amid the groans of Italy, and the piteous lamentations of the city; and we might perhaps have done something to alleviate them, I in my way, you in yours, everybody in his own, if only the man in authority had been there. But if those burdens are too heavy for you, pause to think, lest your arrival may happen at a most unfavourable moment. Mart., Coss. Contributor Atticus, Titus Pomponius. I am only sounding you now to see in what spirit you take it. I am sure Pompeius must be fleeing: I only hope he may escape. Well, on the very next day, a letter of Cassius from his friend Lucretius at Capua announced that Nigidius, an emissary of Domitius, had reached Capua, bringing news that Vibullius with a few soldiers was hurrying away from Picenum to Pompeius' camp, that Caesar was pursuing rapidly and that Domitius had less than 6000 men. You must, therefore, convince yourself that the best hope of the Republic lies in you and your forces. Isauricus. Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum (English) [genre: prose] [Cic. [2.26] Moreover, how likely it is, that among such a number of men, some obscure, some young men who had not the wit to conceal any one, my name could possibly have escaped notice? Caesar, however, will not let us feel his loss too long; for he has a lot of condemned men to restore to us in his stead, nor will he himself feel the lack of someone to bid at his auctions when once he has cast his eye on Sulla junior. We are now part of The Translation People! Calpurnius Piso, M. Acilius Glabrio. Pro Quinctio: Pro Roscio Amerino: Pro Roscio Comodeo: de Lege Agraria Contra Rullum why were quaestors assigned to them? Dictat. 1965, University Press in English cccc. ... 1918 Series The Loeb classical library Note Latin and English on opposite pages. [Camp at Tarichea, March 7th, 43 B.C.]. B.C. The letters from Cicero as an exile are painful reading for those who entertain a regard for his character.
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